Historic Findings: Ancient Cultures of Anatolia

11909693 - monumental god heads on mount nemrut, turkey

salajean / 123RF Stock Photo

Monumental god heads on mount Nemrut, Turkey

Julia Gresky has found evidence of a kind of skull cult at Göbekli Tepe, an archaeological site in Central Turkey which shows that sophisticated humans existed farther into the past then assumed. By testing the skulls they found that they had carvings placed into them intentionally for an unknown purpose. This is the first example of the treatment of human remains at Göbekli Tepe, which will only further the mystery of one of humanity’s earliest achievements.

Carved Skulls at Göbekli Tepe

Construction workers in Istanbul were digging a new subway line when they discovered ruins dating to 6,000 years in the past. Since Istanbul’s history is largely documented after the arrival of the Greeks archaeologists are excited to discover its history before this period.

Ancient Humans of Istanbul

The city of Ani in the Kars province of eastern Turkey has been named a World Heritage site by UNESCO. Humans have inhabited the site for thousands of years and due to its location multiple civilizations have called the place home. Foreign visitors have also skyrocketed due to its inclusion.

Ani

Excavations on the Gökçeada (Imbros) island, near Çanakkale in northwest Turkey, have revealed a 7,000 year old structure along with 13 skeletons. This predates the Romans, Greeks, Persians, even the Hittites. Continuing work will hopefully reveal further details to this as yet unknown area. Burçin Erdoğu, head of Trakya University’s archaeology department, has been responsible for the area since 2009.

Gökçeada Settlement

In Tayinat, an ancient city in Tukey’s Hatay province, a female bust was discovered in a monumental gate complex believed to have been used in the Neo-Hittite Kingdom of Patina. Timothy Harrison is a Professor of Near Eastern Archaeology in the Department of Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations at the University of Toronto and director of the Tayinat Archaeological Project (TAP), in charge of the archaeological area.

Tayinat

A pot from 1,700 BCE was discovered in Karkamış, a district of the Gaziantep province bordering rebel-held Syrian territory right across the street. It was discovered by archaeology professor Nicolo Marchetti (University of Bologna) along with a number of other Hittite artifacts including and urns. The pot itself created such a big stir because the side has a marking which looks suspiciously like a smiley face you’d see today with two black circles for eyes and a curved line at the bottom. It honestly looks like someone just drew it on today. You’d never believe it was a long lost artifact unless someone just discovered it. When the excavations are complete next year the government will open the Karkamış Ancient City Archaeological Park to allow tourism in the area.

Smiling Pot

 

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